StopUMTS Logo
how to get rid of moles 
Zoeken
   
Voorlichting
19/07/18Meetspecialisten, afsc
18/07/18Hoogspanningslijnen: Netk
Artikelen
22/07/18Are Your Body’s Schwann
18/07/18''Bad Luck'' Cannot Expla
16/07/18Firefighters Suffer Neuro
16/07/18With teen mental health d
16/07/18The inconvenient truth ab
07/07/18'Wifi op speelplaatsen on
Berichten Nederland
22/07/18Overwinning voor dorpsbew
13/07/18Zelfs VodafoneZiggo-ceo m
10/07/18Update Gemeente Heusden -
09/07/18Ziek door straling: slach
06/07/18Nederlandse providers moe
Berichten België
16/06/18Scherpenheuvel-Zichem: Be
14/06/18Tommelein laat straling d
Berichten Internationaal
17/07/18Frankrijk: PhoneGate scan
11/07/18USA: Berkeley Cell Phone
29/06/18Frankrijk: Appeal for the
28/06/18Ierland: Proposed legisla
Ervaringen | Appellen/oproepen
03/07/18Slimme meter ervaring
28/05/18Stralingsarme werkplek
28/05/18Ervaring in Denemarken
Onderzoeken
22/07/18Long term exposure to cel
22/07/18The Modeling of the Absor
22/07/18Maternal residential prox
Veel gestelde vragen
13/05/17Vakantie? Witte zo
10/07/16Zeven veel gestelde vrage
Juridische informatie
17/07/18De Omgevingswet en elektr
01/06/18Wetgeving hoogspanningsli
15/05/18Brit dad sues Nokia for u
Oproepen
29/06/18Tegenlicht wordt 30% geko
15/06/18Stem voor plan voor een w
24/05/18Lezing in Westerhoven: Sm
Folders
10/09/17Brochures, folders, websi
29/04/16USA: Meer dan 50 tips voo
Briefwisselingen | Archief: 2008, 2005
07/07/18E/mail naar alle raadsled
07/07/18E-mail naar de TV redacti
Illustraties
 Algemeen
 Fotoalbum zendmasten
 Wetenschappelijke illustraties
Diabetes: Associated to Exposure to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation    
Ga naar overzicht berichten in: Onderzoeken

Diabetes: Associated to Exposure to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation
vrijdag, 20 november 2015 - Dossier: Algemeen


Bron: www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/11/14519

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 14519-14528; doi:10.3390/ijerph121114519

Association of Exposure to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation (RF-EMFR) Generated by Mobile Phone Base Stations with Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Sultan Ayoub Meo 1,* , Yazeed Alsubaie 1, Zaid Almubarak 1, Hisham Almutawa 1, Yazeed AlQasem 1 and Rana Muhammed Hasanato 2
1 Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh 11461 Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Clinical Bio-Chemistry, College of Medicine, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh 11461 Saudi Arabia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2015 / Revised: 7 November 2015 / Accepted: 11 November 2015 / Published: 13 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Care and Diabetes)

Download PDF 667 KB, uploaded 13 November 2015
www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/11/14519/pdf

Abstract

Installation of mobile phone base stations in residential areas has initiated public debate about possible adverse effects on human health. This study aimed to determine the association of exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic field radiation (RF-EMFR) generated by mobile phone base stations with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. For this study, two different elementary schools (school-1 and school-2) were selected. We recruited 159 students in total; 96 male students from school-1, with age range 12–16 years, and 63 male students with age range 12–17 years from school-2. Mobile phone base stations with towers existed about 200 m away from the school buildings. RF-EMFR was measured inside both schools. In school-1, RF-EMFR was 9.601 nW/cm2 at frequency of 925 MHz, and students had been exposed to RF-EMFR for a duration of 6 h daily, five days in a week. In school-2, RF-EMFR was 1.909 nW/cm2 at frequency of 925 MHz and students had been exposed for 6 h daily, five days in a week. 5–6 mL blood was collected from all the students and HbA1c was measured by using a Dimension Xpand Plus Integrated Chemistry System, Siemens. The mean HbA1c for the students who were exposed to high RF-EMFR was significantly higher (5.44 ± 0.22) than the mean HbA1c for the students who were exposed to low RF-EMFR (5.32 ± 0.34) (p = 0.007). Moreover, students who were exposed to high RF-EMFR generated by MPBS had a significantly higher risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (p = 0.016) relative to their counterparts who were exposed to low RF-EMFR. It is concluded that exposure to high RF-EMFR generated by MPBS is associated with elevated levels of HbA1c and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: mobile phone radiation; mobile phone base station; RF-EMFR; HbA1c; hyperglycemia

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Ga terug naar het hoofdmenu
Afdrukken | Vragen | RSS | Disclaimer