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Effects of acute exposure to WIFI signals (2.45 GHz) on heart variability and blood pressure
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Volume 40, Issue 2, September 2015, Pages 600–605
Effects of acute exposure to WIFI signals (2.45 GHz) on heart variability and blood pressure in Albinos rabbit
Linda Sailia, , , Amel Haninib, Chiraz Smiranib, Ines Azzouzb, Amina Azzouza, Mohsen Saklyb, Hafedh Abdelmelekb, Zihad Bouslamaa
a Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Systèmes Terrestres et Aquatiques, Faculté des Sciences, Université Badji Mokhtar, BP 12, 23005 Sidi Amar, Annaba, Algérie
b Laboratoire de Physiologie Intégrée, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Carthage, Jarzouna, Bizerte 7021, Tunisie
Received 25 March 2015, Revised 8 August 2015, Accepted 13 August 2015, Available online 17 August 2015
ECG and arterial pressure measurements were studied under acute exposures to WIFI.
Acute exposure of rabbits to WIFI increased heart frequency and arterial blood pressure.
WIFI affect catecholamines (dopamine, epinephrine) efficacy on cardiovascular system.
Radiofrequency can act directly and/or indirectly on cardiovascular system.
Electrocardiogram and arterial pressure measurements were studied under acute exposures to WIFI (2.45 GHz) during one hour in adult male rabbits. Antennas of WIFI were placed at 25 cm at the right side near the heart. Acute exposure of rabbits to WIFI increased heart frequency (+22%) and arterial blood pressure (+14%). Moreover, analysis of ECG revealed that WIFI induced a combined increase of PR and QT intervals. By contrast, the same exposure failed to alter maximum amplitude and P waves. After intravenously injection of dopamine (0.50 ml/kg) and epinephrine (0.50 ml/kg) under acute exposure to RF we found that, WIFI alter catecholamines (dopamine, epinephrine) action on heart variability and blood pressure compared to control. These results suggest for the first time, as far as we know, that exposure to WIFI affect heart rhythm, blood pressure, and catecholamines efficacy on cardiovascular system; indicating that radiofrequency can act directly and/or indirectly on cardiovascular system.
Heart rate (HR); Arterial pressure (PA); Electrocardiogram (ECG); Efficacy of catecholamines; Dopamine; Epinephrine
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