Voltage-Gated Calcium Channels
donderdag, 05 september 2019 - Categorie: Onderzoeken
Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2011 Aug; 3(8): a003947.
William A. Catterall
Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-7280
Voltage-gated calcium (Ca2+) channels are key transducers of membrane potential changes into intracellular Ca2+ transients that initiate many physiological events. There are ten members of the voltage-gated Ca2+ channel family in mammals, and they serve distinct roles in cellular signal transduction. The CaV1 subfamily initiates contraction, secretion, regulation of gene expression, integration of synaptic input in neurons, and synaptic transmission at ribbon synapses in specialized sensory cells. The CaV2 subfamily is primarily responsible for initiation of synaptic transmission at fast synapses. The CaV3 subfamily is important for repetitive firing of action potentials in rhythmically firing cells such as cardiac myocytes and thalamic neurons. This article presents the molecular relationships and physiological functions of these Ca2+ channel proteins and provides information on their molecular, genetic, physiological, and pharmacological properties.
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