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Biological effects related to geomagnetic activity and possible mechanisms
Bioelectromagnetics. 2017 Jun 21. doi: 10.1002/bem.22062. (Epub ahead of print)
I.D. Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters Russian Academy of Sciences, Borok, Russian Federation.
This review presents contemporary data on the biological effects of geomagnetic activity. Correlations between geomagnetic indices and biological parameters and experimental studies that used simulated geomagnetic storms to detect possible responses of organisms to these events in nature are discussed. Possible mechanisms by which geomagnetic activity influences organisms are also considered. Special attention is paid to the idea that geomagnetic activity is perceived by organisms as a disruption of diurnal geomagnetic variation. This variation, in turn, is viewed by way of a secondary zeitgeber for biological circadian rhythms. Additionally, we discuss the utility of cryptochrome as a biological detector of geomagnetic storms. The possible involvement of melatonin and protein coding by the CG8198 gene in the biological effects of geomagnetic activity are discussed. Perspectives for studying mechanisms by which geomagnetic storms affect organisms are suggested. Bioelectromagnetics. 2017;9999:1-14. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
CG8198; cryptochrome; diurnal geomagnetic variation; geomagnetic storm; melatonin
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