India: Ministerie, Zenders mobiele telefonie beschadigen biologische systemen van vogels.

vrijdag, 21 oktober 2011 - Categorie: Berichten Internationaal

Geplaatst 13 okt. 2011 met aanvullende update 21 okt. 2011.

The Times of India publiceert een artikel over een metastudie uitgevoerd in opdracht van het Ministerie van Milieu door een studiegroep onder leiding van de directeur van de Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS). De conclusie was dat elektromagnetische velden interfereren met de biologische systemen van vogels.
De commissie riep op tot een wet ter bescherming van flora en fauna.
De commissie bestudeerde 919 studies, 593 daarvan toonden een negatieve invloed van zendmasten voor mobiele telefonie op vogels, bijen, fauna en flora hetgeen mogelijk ook de kwetsbaarheid van andere species aangeeft, aldus de commissie:


Bron: The Times of India 12 okt. 2011

Mobile towers hurting biological systems of birds: Study

NEW DELHI: Electromagnetic radiation ( EMR) from mobile towers was interfering with the biological systems of birds, a study released by the environment ministry said and called for a law for the protection of flora and fauna.

''The review of existing literature shows that the EMRs are interfering with the biological systems in more ways than one and there had already been some warning bells sounded in the case on bees and birds, which probably heralds the seriousness of this issue and indicates the vulnerability of other species as well,'' the study found.

The ministry in September 2010 had constituted a 10-member committee under Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) director Asad Rahmani to study the impact of mobile phone towers on birds and bees and formulating guidelines for their installations.

The expert group reviewed 919 studies done in India and abroad on the ill effects of mobile towers in animal, birds and insects. Of the 919 studies, the team found that 593 showed the negative impact of mobile towers on birds, bees, human, wildlife and plants.

Quoting from an international study that radio frequency pollution appears to constitute a potential cause for the decline of animal populations, it said there was urgent need to focus more scientific attention to this area before it would be too late.

The committee highlighted that studies from India on the impact of cell phone tower radiation on birds and wildlife are almost nonexistent.

Nearly 800 million Indians have mobile phones, making it the second largest mobile phone-subscriber population in the world after China.

''At present, there are nearly 15 companies providing mobile telephony. However, necessary regulatory policies and their implementation mechanism have not kept pace with the growth of mobile telephony,'' it said.

The expert group suggested introducing a law for the protection of urban flora and fauna from emerging threats of electromagnetic radiation.

''To prevent overlapping high radiations fields, new towers should not be permitted within a radius of one kilometre of existing towers. If new towers must be built, construct them to be above 80 feet and below 199 feet ... to avoid the requirement for aviation safety lighting,'' it said.

The groups also suggested displaying bold signs and messages on the dangers of cell phone tower and radiation which is emitted from it in and around the structures where the towers are erected.

''Strictly control installation of mobile towers near wildlife protected areas, important bird areas, turtle breeding areas, bee colonies and zoos up to a certain distance that should be studied before deciding and should also be practical,'' it said.

The group called for putting the locations of cell phone towers and other radiating towers along with their frequencies in public domain. ''Public consultation to be made mandatory before installation of cell phones towers in any area,'' it added.

Voor het originele artikel zie:
timesofindia.indiatimes.com/tech/personal-tech/computing/Mobile-towers-hurting-biological-systems-of-birds-Study/articleshow/10328750.cms

First Post rapporteert als volgt:


New Delhi: With existing literature showing Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) interfering with the biological systems, an expert committee of Environment Ministry has stressed on minimising exposure levels by adopting stricter norms to match the best in the world.

There is an urgent need to focus more scientific attention to this area before it would be too late, cautions the expert committee set up by the Ministry in August last year to study the possible impact of communication towers on
wildlife.

The committee said ''the review of existing literature shows that EMRs are interfering with the biological systems in more ways than one and there had already been some warning bells sounded in the case on bees and birds. Reuters

Precautionary principle approach should be used to minimise the exposure levels and we may have to move ahead and adopt stricter norms followed in some other countries like Russia, China, New Zealand, the study stated.

It further said studies on impact of cellphone tower radiation on birds and wildlife are almost nonexistent from India. There is an urgent need for taking up well-designed studies to look into this aspect.

Well-designed long-term impact assessment studies would be required to monitor the impact of ever-increasing intensities of EMRs on our biological environment. Meanwhile, the precautionary principle should prevail and we need to better our standards on EMF to match the best in the world, it said.

The 10-member committee headed by Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) Director Asad Rahmani also called for a law for protection of urban flora and fauna from emerging threats like ERM/EMF as conservation issues in urban areas are different from forested or wildlife habitats.

The committee said the review of existing literature shows that EMRs are interfering with the biological systems in more ways than one and there had already been some warning bells sounded in the case on bees and birds, which probably heralds the seriousness of this issue and indicates the vulnerability of other species as well.

Public consultation should be made mandatory before installation of cell phone towers in any area. The Forest Department should be consulted before installation of cellphone towers in and around PAs and zoos. The distance at
which these towers should be installed should be studied case-by-case basis.
To prevent overlapping high radiations fields, new towers should not be permitted within a radius of one kilometer of existing towers, the committee has recommended.

With nearly 800 million Indians having mobile phones, making it the second largest mobile phone-subscriber population in the world after China, the committee estimates that by 2013, India will have over one billion cellphone
connections. Today, in absence of any policy on infrastructure development and location of cell phone towers, a large number of mobile phone towers are being installed in a haphazard manner across urban and sub-urban habitats in India, it said.

The panel also sought an independent system for monitoring of EMF pollution across the country since EMF is an invisible form of pollution.

Voor het originele artikel zie:
www.firstpost.com/fwire/environ-panel-seeks-minimising-radiation-from-mobile-towers-106340.html .



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