USA: San Francisco voert wetgeving op gsm-straling in, een wereldprimeur.

vrijdag, 18 juni 2010 - Categorie: Berichten Internationaal

Bron: .6minutes.be 18 juni 2010

San Francisco voert reglement op gsm-straling in

In San Francisco moet binnenkort in de kleinhandel het stralingsniveau van gsm's vlak bij de toestellen aangegeven worden. De stad zorgt hiermee voor een wereldprimeur.

Vorige week keurde het stadsbestuur van de Californische stad San Francisco de maatregel met een grote meerderheid goed, en hij zou deze week nog in werking moeten treden. ''Dit gaat over mensen helpen een genformeerde keuze te maken,'' zei een van de bestuursleden aan de BBC. Vertegenwoordigers van de gsm-industrie herhaalden dat studies geen schadelijkheid voor mensen aantonen.

De Federal Communications Commission heeft, net zoals in andere landen, normen voor straling opgelegd. San Francisco wil gewoon transparant aan de consumenten meedelen hoe de toestellen binnen de normen vallen. De woordvoerder van de burgemeester benadrukte dat dit helemaal niet als doel heeft mensen te ontraden gsm's te kopen. Winkeliers moeten nu de stralingsgegevens vlak bij de toestellen afficheren, en ook waar meer inlichtingen te krijgen zijn over de kwestie.

Eerder op de maand werd een gelijkaardig voorstel voor meer informatie in de Californische senaat verworpen.

Voor het originele bericht zie:
www.6minutes.be/NL/Artikel.aspx?ArtikelID=19282&RubriekID=1 .

De Engelstalige bron van bovenstaand artikel is de New York Times:

The New York Times 15 juni 2010

San Francisco Passes Cellphone Radiation LawBy JESSE McKINLEY

Jim Wilson/The New York Times

A new law in San Francisco was hailed by Mayor Gavin Newsom as a major victory for cellphone shoppers' right to know.
The law believed to be the first of its kind in the nation came despite a lack of conclusive scientific evidence showing that the devices are dangerous, and amid opposition from the wireless telephone industry, which views the labeling ordinance as a potential business-killing precedent.

But the administration of Gavin Newsom, the citys tech-happy mayor (he has more than 1.3 million followers on Twitter), called the vote a major victory for cell phone shoppers right to know.

Its information thats out there if youre willing to look hard enough, said Tony Winnicker, a spokesman for Mr. Newsom. And we think that for the consumer for whom this is an area of concern, it ought to be easier to find.

Under the law, retailers will be required to post materials in at least 11-point type next to phones, listing their specific absorption rate, which is the amount of radio waves absorbed into the cellphone users body tissue. These so-called SAR rates can vary from phone to phone, but all phones sold in the United States must have a SAR rate no greater than 1.6 watts per kilogram, according to the Federal Communications Commission, which regulates the $190 billion wireless industry.

But John Walls, a spokesman for C.T.I.A. - The Wireless Association, a trade group, said that forcing retailers to highlight that information might actually confuse consumers into thinking some phones are safer than others.

We believe there is an overwhelming consensus of scientific belief that there is no adverse health effect by using wireless devices, Mr. Walls said, and this kind of labeling gets away from what the F.C.C.s standard actually represents.

San Francisco, whose health- and eco-conscious residents already face mandatory composting and a ban on plastic bags, is not the first place to consider putting notices on cellphones. Earlier this month, the California Senate voted down an even more wide-ranging labeling bill. A bill in Maine that would have required warning labels on cellphones like those on cigarettes was defeated in March.

Part of that legislative track record may stem from the fact that there is little conclusive proof that cellular devices are hazardous. Both the National Cancer Institute and the F.C.C. say that there is no scientific evidence that wireless phones are dangerous, but each agency continues to monitor continuing medical studies.

A major study of cellphone use in 13 countries published online last month in the International Journal of Epidemiology found no increased risk for the two most common types of brain tumors, according to the cancer institute. In the most extreme cellphone users, there was a small increase in a type of cancer that attacks the cells that surround nerve cells, though researchers found that finding inconclusive.

In San Francisco, officials were cautioning that the law was not meant to discourage cellphone use, or sales, rather merely to inform consumers.

This is not about telling people not to use cellphones, said Mr. Winnicker. Nobody loves his iPhone more than Mayor Newsom.

Voor het origineel zie:
www.nytimes.com/2010/06/16/us/16cell.html .



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