StopUMTS Logo
how to get rid of moles 
Zoeken
   
Voorlichting
19/04/18Metaalkeuze ter behoeve v
08/03/18Boeken over EMV / stralin
Artikelen
21/04/18Report on National Toxico
20/04/18COMPILATIE: Maatregelen v
20/04/18Vaccins: International sc
19/04/18Scientific Research On 5G
16/04/18Deadly common combo produ
13/04/18Can Cell Phones Cause Fem
Berichten Nederland
21/04/18It’ers breken via web i
21/04/18Grote groei mobiele netwe
20/04/18Gezondheidsraad: Hoogspan
19/04/18Lezing: Smartphones, WiFi
19/04/18Informatieavond over zend
Berichten België
03/04/18Teken de petitie tegen ve
29/03/18Huidkanker: “België he
Berichten Internationaal
19/04/18Huawei boss warns the pot
17/04/18Bulging Debt May Spell Tr
15/04/18Huidkanker: Incidentie in
13/04/18French Telecom Operator O
Ervaringen | Appellen/oproepen
20/04/18Skin Cancer, Cell phones
14/04/18Video over straling thuis
11/04/185G en LED verlichting; sl
Onderzoeken
13/04/18Electromagnetic radiation
11/04/18Semi-quantitative proteom
26/03/18Aggressive Brain Tumors o
Veel gestelde vragen
13/05/17Vakantie? Witte zo
10/07/16Zeven veel gestelde vrage
Juridische informatie
02/03/18Formal Complaint to the E
26/02/185G From Space & Santa Fe
23/01/18Reeks publicaties op juri
Oproepen
19/04/18Lezing: Smartphones, WiFi
07/04/18EHS Uitnodiging landelijk
29/03/18Bijeenkomst Klankbordgroe
Folders
10/09/17Brochures, folders, websi
29/04/16USA: Meer dan 50 tips voo
Briefwisselingen | Archief: 2008, 2005
05/04/18Brief naar Monique Beerla
04/04/18Volkskrant: e-mail naar d
Illustraties
 Algemeen
 Fotoalbum zendmasten
 Wetenschappelijke illustraties
Diabetes: Associated to Exposure to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation    
Ga naar overzicht berichten in: Onderzoeken

Diabetes: Associated to Exposure to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation
vrijdag, 20 november 2015 - Dossier: Algemeen


Bron: www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/11/14519

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 14519-14528; doi:10.3390/ijerph121114519

Association of Exposure to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation (RF-EMFR) Generated by Mobile Phone Base Stations with Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Sultan Ayoub Meo 1,* , Yazeed Alsubaie 1, Zaid Almubarak 1, Hisham Almutawa 1, Yazeed AlQasem 1 and Rana Muhammed Hasanato 2
1 Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh 11461 Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Clinical Bio-Chemistry, College of Medicine, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh 11461 Saudi Arabia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2015 / Revised: 7 November 2015 / Accepted: 11 November 2015 / Published: 13 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Care and Diabetes)

Download PDF 667 KB, uploaded 13 November 2015
www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/11/14519/pdf

Abstract

Installation of mobile phone base stations in residential areas has initiated public debate about possible adverse effects on human health. This study aimed to determine the association of exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic field radiation (RF-EMFR) generated by mobile phone base stations with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. For this study, two different elementary schools (school-1 and school-2) were selected. We recruited 159 students in total; 96 male students from school-1, with age range 12–16 years, and 63 male students with age range 12–17 years from school-2. Mobile phone base stations with towers existed about 200 m away from the school buildings. RF-EMFR was measured inside both schools. In school-1, RF-EMFR was 9.601 nW/cm2 at frequency of 925 MHz, and students had been exposed to RF-EMFR for a duration of 6 h daily, five days in a week. In school-2, RF-EMFR was 1.909 nW/cm2 at frequency of 925 MHz and students had been exposed for 6 h daily, five days in a week. 5–6 mL blood was collected from all the students and HbA1c was measured by using a Dimension Xpand Plus Integrated Chemistry System, Siemens. The mean HbA1c for the students who were exposed to high RF-EMFR was significantly higher (5.44 ± 0.22) than the mean HbA1c for the students who were exposed to low RF-EMFR (5.32 ± 0.34) (p = 0.007). Moreover, students who were exposed to high RF-EMFR generated by MPBS had a significantly higher risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (p = 0.016) relative to their counterparts who were exposed to low RF-EMFR. It is concluded that exposure to high RF-EMFR generated by MPBS is associated with elevated levels of HbA1c and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: mobile phone radiation; mobile phone base station; RF-EMFR; HbA1c; hyperglycemia

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Ga terug naar het hoofdmenu
Afdrukken | Vragen | RSS | Disclaimer