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Overproductie van vrije radicalen door straling
Bron: exp-oncology.com.ua/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/2044.pdf?upload= .
Experimental Oncology 2013, 35, 3, 219-225
OVERPRODUCTION OF FREE RADICAL SPECIES IN EMBRYONAL
CELLS EXPOSED TO LOW INTENSITY RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION
, O. Tsybulin2
, E. Sidorik1
, S. Lukin1
, V. Polishuk2
, S. Tsehmistrenko2
, I. Yakymenko1,2* 1
R.E. Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology of NAS of Ukraine,
Vasylkivska str. 45, Kyiv 03022, Ukraine 2
Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, Soborna pl. 8/1, Bila Tserkva 09117, Ukraine
Aim: Long-term exposure of humans to low intensity radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) leads to a statistically significant increase in tumor incidence. Mechanisms of such the effects are unclear, but features of oxidative stress in living cells under RF-EMR exposure were previously reported. Our study aims to assess a production of initial free radical species, which lead to oxidative stress in the cell.
Materials and Methods: Embryos of Japanese quails were exposed in ovo to extremely low intensity RF-EMR of GSM 900 MHz (0.25 μW/cm2) during 158–360 h discontinuously (48 c — ON, 12 c — OFF) before and in the initial stages of development. The levels of superoxide (O2·-), nitrogen oxide (NO·), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), 8-oxo-2’-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) and antioxidant enzymes’ activities were assessed in cells/tissues of 38-h, 5- and 10-day RF-EMR exposed and unexposed embryos.
Results: The exposure resulted in a significant persistent overproduction of superoxide and nitrogen oxide in embryo cells during all period of analyses. As a result, significantly increased levels of TBARS and 8-oxo-dG followed by significantly decreased levels of superoxide dismutase and catalase activities were developed in the exposed embryo cells.
Conclusion: Exposure of developing quail embryos to extremely low intensity RF-EMR of GSM 900 MHz during at least one hundred and fifty-eight hours leads to a significant overproduction of free radicals/reactive oxygen species and oxidative damage of DNA in embryo cells. These oxidative changes may lead to pathologies up to oncogenic transformation of cells.
Key Words: non-ionizing radiation, reactive oxygen species, superoxide, nitrogen oxide, 8-oxo-2’-deoxyguanosine, carcinogenesis.
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