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Effect of 900 MHz electromagnetic fields on fracture healing
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Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2013;47(4):273-280
Effect of 900 MHz electromagnetic fields emitted
from cellular phones on fracture healing:
an experimental study on rats
Ahmet ASLAN1, Tolga ATAY2, Kanat GÜLLE3, Vecihi KIRDEM‹R2, Ahmet ÖZDEN4, Selçuk ÇÖMLEKÇ‹5,
Nevres Hürriyet AYDO⁄AN6
1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Afyonkarahisar State Hospital, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey;
2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey;
3Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey;
4Department of Radiology, Private Anadolu Hospital, Kastamonu, Turkey;
5Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey;
6Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) at 900 MHz frequencies on bone fracture healing.
Methods: The study included 30 adult male Wistar albino rats (average weight: 256 g) divided into
two equal groups. Transverse fracture was created manually by pressing a finger on the right tibias of
all rats and fractures were fixed intramedullary using a K-wire. Rats in Group 1 were exposed to EMF
at 900 MHz frequency 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week for 8 weeks. Group 2, the control group, was
kept under the same experimental conditions without EMF exposure. Radiological, mechanical and
histological examination of tibial fracture healing was performed.
Results: There was a significant difference between radiological, histological and manual biomechanical
scores of the study and control groups (p=0.020, p=0.006 and p=0.032, respectively). All scores
were lower in the study group than the control group.
Conclusion: Results of this study demonstrate that EMF at 900 MHz of frequency emitted from cellular
phones has a significantly negative effect on bone fracture healing in a rat tibia model.
Key words: Electromagnetic field; fracture healing; mobile phone.
Het genezen van botfracturen wordt dus ernstig belemmerd door aanwezige GMM 900 velden.
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