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The influence of direct mobile phone radiation on sperm quality
Cent European J Urol. 2014; 67(1): 65–71.
Published online 2014 Apr 17. doi: 10.5173/ceju.2014.01.art14
Igor Gorpinchenko,1 Oleg Nikitin,2 Oleg Banyra,corresponding author3 and Alexander Shulyak1
1 State Institution “Institute of Urology at the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kyiv, Ukraine
2 O.O. Bogomolets National Medical University, Urology Department, Kyiv, Ukraine
3 2nd Lviv Municipal Polyclinic, Lviv, Ukraine
Correspondence Oleg Banyra, 23–A Lysenko Street, 79008 Lviv, Ukraine. phone: +38 095 036 63 66. ur.liam@arynab
It is impossible to imagine a modern socially–active man who does not use mobile devices and/or computers with Wi–Fi function. The effect of mobile phone radiation on male fertility is the subject of recent interest and investigations. The aim of this study was to investigate the direct in vitro influence of mobile phone radiation on sperm DNA fragmentation and motility parameters in healthy subjects with normozoospermia.
Material and methods
32 healthy men with normal semen parameters were selected for the study. Each sperm sample was divided into two equal portions (A and B). Portions A of all involved men were placed for 5 hours in a thermostat, and portions B were placed into a second thermostat for the same period of time, where a mobile phone in standby/talk mode was placed. After 5 hours of incubation the sperm samples from both thermostats were re–evaluated regarding basic motility parameters. The presence of DNA fragmentation in both A and B portions of each sample was determined each hour using a standard sperm chromatin dispersion test.
The number of spermatozoa with progressive movement in the group, influenced by electromagnetic radiation, is statistically lower than the number of spermatozoa with progressive movement in the group under no effect of the mobile phone. The number of non–progressive movement spermatozoa was significantly higher in the group, which was influenced by cell phone radiation. The DNA fragmentation was also significantly higher in this group.
A correlation exists between mobile phone radiation exposure, DNA–fragmentation level and decreased sperm motility.
Keywords: sperm motility, DNA fragmentation, mobile phones, electromagnetic radiation
Evaluation of the effect of using mobile phones on male fertility.
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