StopUMTS Logo
how to get rid of moles
Zoeken
   
Voorlichting
15/08/17Antenneregister en Antenn
23/07/17Poster/Flyer: Informat
Artikelen
18/08/175G: Cancer, Cell Phone, W
17/08/17Aardingstechniek kan de g
17/08/17Laagfrequent geluid meten
17/08/17Implantaten: Let op die s
17/08/17WiFi and EM Radiation - T
16/08/17De manier om insecten uit
Berichten Nederland
18/08/17Mobiele netwerken in NL:
15/08/17Facebook groepen en we
15/08/17Feit of Fictie: Mobiel na
03/08/174G netwerk Tele2 dekt 97%
30/07/17‘Thuiszitters’ ziek v
Berichten België
01/07/17Verdubbeling burn-out in
26/06/17Voorstel van resolutie vo
Berichten Internationaal
16/08/17Windows produceert slimme
14/08/17French Polynesia Enacts N
14/08/17UK: Insurance Industry: E
07/08/17Engeland: Smart meters a
Ervaringen | Appellen/oproepen
10/08/17Elektriciteitskabel voor
13/07/17Koppijn en hartkloppingen
12/07/17Der Mann, der im Wald leb
Onderzoeken
11/08/17Noninvasive Deep Brain St
05/08/17The influence of direct m
05/08/17Evaluation of the effect
Veel gestelde vragen
13/05/17Vakantie? Witte zo
10/07/16Zeven veel gestelde vrage
Juridische informatie
18/08/17InPower Movement: Early r
16/08/17Solution To The 'Smart' M
25/07/17“Small Cell” Bill Wil
Oproepen
09/09/17Lezing in Nijkerk over: E
19/07/17Lezing in Haarlo (Achterh
12/07/17Te koop: huis in Ruurlo;
Folders
10/06/17Brochures, folders, websi
29/04/16USA: Meer dan 50 tips voo
Briefwisselingen | Archief: 2008, 2005
10/07/17Brief naar de gemeente C.
14/06/17Mail naar 'De Monitor' na
Illustraties
 Algemeen
 Fotoalbum zendmasten
 Wetenschappelijke illustraties
Common EM Fields Can Disrupt Pacemaker Function    
Ga naar overzicht berichten in: Artikelen

Common EM Fields Can Disrupt Pacemaker Function
zondag, 19 maart 2017 - Dossier: Algemeen


Bron: www.hospimedica.com/critical-care/articles/294768469/common-em-fields-can-disrupt-pacemaker-function.html
14 maart 2017


Researchers at the German Social Accident Insurance Institution and RWTH Aachen University conducted a study that subjected 119 individuals with pacemakers to stepwise increases in EM exposure in order to test pacemaker function. Exposure was tested under several worst-case scenario conditions: whole-body exposure, maximal inspiration, and sustained pacing. Interference was defined as a sensing failure (both over- or under-sensing) by the pacemaker.

The researchers found that the interferences occurred mainly with frequencies of 50 and 60 Hz, which encompass the worldwide power grid standard frequencies. Examples of such EM sources are power lines, household appliances, power tools, entertainment electronics, and many other different kinds of electrical equipment. The results revealed that among the participants with bipolar sensing leads, 71.9% had sensing failures at maximum sensitivity, and 36% had sensing failures at nominal sensitivity settings. All five patients with unipolar lead pacemakers showed signs of interference.

In addition, ventricular EM interference occurred in 32.4% and 3.6% of devices at maximum and nominal sensitivity; atrial EM interference was more likely in 72.9% and 42.7% of the devices, respectively. Based on the study results, emissions from an electric drill, for example, would interfere with 61% and 16% of pacemakers at maximal and nominal sensitivity, respectively. U.S. current limits for daily exposure to EM radiation would have interfered with 34% and 4.4% of pacemakers at maximal and nominal sensitivity, respectively. The study was published on February 28, 2017, in Circulation.

“To protect patients from electromagnetic interference, adjusting pacemaker settings to a lower sensitivity, bipolar sensing, and keeping at a distance from electromagnetic field sources are effective measures; the field strength decreases at least by half if the distance is doubled,” concluded lead author Andreas Napp, MD, and colleagues. “Among the electromagnetic interference effects, ventricular over-sensing is the clinically most relevant problem, which may cause asystole in the case of pacing inhibition with symptoms such as palpitations, dizziness, or syncope in pacemaker-dependent patients.”

EM fields consists of emitted waves with synchronized oscillations of electric and magnetic fields, which are perpendicular to each other and perpendicular to the direction of energy and wave propagation, thus forming a transverse wave. The EM spectrum includes--in order of increasing frequency and decreasing wavelength--radio waves, microwaves, infrared (IR) radiation, visible light, ultraviolet (UV) radiation, X-rays, and gamma rays.


Ga terug naar het hoofdmenu
Afdrukken | Vragen | RSS | Disclaimer